Average landscape size – 50-80’ tall x 50-80’ wide. Savannah Holly. ), to remove dead or diseased limbs, or to raise or open the canopy on shade trees where you desire more light on the lawn. If you look at DFW highlighted in yellow, you will see that North Texas alone houses 3 different soil regions. Red hawthorn haws Tough hawthorns are deciduous trees or shrubs, and a good choice for clay soils. • Shantung Maple – A Chinese import, this tree is still on the Texas Superstar list for its tolerance of hot weather and alkaline soils. Mulch is always a good thing, though! Fertilize your tree in March, May and September. Yellow, orange, sometimes a hint of red fall color, this color will vary from tree to tree. Pay A Bill. If your tree hasn’t set in well in the ground by this time, something’s usually wrong with how it was planted (generally having too much soil placed over the root zone). This tree is a wonderful smaller tree, maturing at 35′ tall x 25′ wide. You only need to add it to the soil once and work it into the beds at root level. ... Grows to 30 ft. tall and 25 ft. wide. Judicious pruning of smaller branching early prevents a big job later with a saw! Otherwise, pruning paints are black, tarry sealants that get insanely hot in the summertime. After harvest the following spring, plants are usually destroyed. If you’re looking to push the fastest growth possible, feed in May as well. It’s fine to dig a hole which is slightly too shallow since the root ball sticking up slightly over grade will not harm the tree long term, but sinking down below grade because of loose material or outright voids below the root ball will. Average landscape size 50′ tall x 30-40′ wide. Tree Size: Large. This is simply to shade tender bark on the lower trunk from the brutality of our North Texas summer sun a bit until the tree’s canopy can shade its own trunk properly. Deciduous. Mature height and width: 50 feet. An individual accent plant well suited for areas of high drainage and low water. Comments: Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Use T-posts put around the tree (not through the original root ball, stake to firm soil) with wire to the trunk to keep the tree upright. This tree is a wonderful smaller tree, maturing at 35′ tall x 25′ wide. Expanded Shale – This gravel-sized rock is very porous and breaks clay soil, making the soil easily worked and better draining. Blue Point Juniper. Buy It: Blue Glitter Sea Holly, ($12, High Country Gardens) • Pruning paint is of limited use – There are exactly two reasons to use pruning paint in our area – to immediately paint cuts on oak trees if you’re worried about Oak Wilt disease in your neighborhood (we’re not, normally, it’s present in Dallas now but still quite rare), or to cover large, open areas of wood where big patches of bark have been lost due to mechanical damage or lightning strike. Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia) is from the Ulmaceae family. Evergreen trees are better at doing this, but even deciduous trees still break the wind some. • Watering – Unless we’re in serious drought conditions, your tree will rarely need more watering than your lawn sprinklers are providing, and if you do not have sprinklers, not much more than nature provides. These growths provide a lot of energy to the tree to help the tree establish and build trunk thickness faster! • Shumard Red Oak – The best adapted red oak for our area! It’s only a guideline – if you’re in doubt whether your tree needs water, sink your finger down to the second knuckle in the soil. • Mexican Plum – For two weeks in spring, Mexican plums are stunning in bloom. The soil in our yard is orange clay. Take the burlap off the top of the root ball to check the root flare, just as you did the container grown tree. • Bald Cypress – Yes, this is on our list! Mexican Buckeye. Texas Native Trees: Low Maintenance Additions To Your Landscape. A properly planted tree can grow twice as fast and live twice as long as a poorly-transplanted tree. A soil test is the number one key to estab - lishing and maintaining all landscape plant materials to ensure the soil has adequate amounts of nutrients. This preventive step is acceptable to do at this time, even if borers are not found, to protect your tree and ensure it does not become infested! Don’t heavily prune new trees, especially container grown trees, to clean them to their eventual form – a year or two of leaving those small twigs alone will be of great benefit to your tree. Average landscape size – 60-80’ tall x 50-60’ wide. Propagate via seed in the fall, graft onto seedlings or use greenwood tip cuttings. It is better to have to tighten loose wires once in a while than to harm your tree. • Root stimulator – Root stimulator should be applied every three to four weeks, and done at the time of planting as well. Need basically no watering once established. Growing trees in clay can be difficult unless you plant species that can survive hard, compact soil. Some trees and shrubs thrive in clay soil, but most annuals, perennials and vegetables struggle to establish their root system in this soil. A recent study reported that about 90% of the trees found in Austin are native. Blackland Prairie, Black Clay Gumbo, Sandy Loam- some common terms used to describe our North Texas soil. Goldenball leadtree. An underutilized native tree for urban landscapes, goldenball leadtree thrives in … Drought tolerant, pest resistant. • Mulch – Your tree still doesn’t like grass all the way to the base of the trunk, but on older trees, the shade the tree throws usually kills the lawn, not vice-versa. Find out more about how this website uses cookies to enhance your browsing experience. You can’t completely get past the tree’s genetics in eventual shape but you can control growth that’s seriously undesirable. Please note that almost any soil in North Central Texas and West Texas will benefit from the addition of organic matter, such as compost (either commercial or homemade). Step-by-step instructions for submitting your sample are Yellow, orange, sometimes a hint of red fall color, this color will vary from tree to tree. Make sure this mulch is not in direct contact with the trunk, but once you’ve gone a few inches away from the trunk itself, mulch thickly and keep grass from overgrowing the area. Well-established trees are very resilient! Good red and yellow fall color most years. Either organic or conventional root stimulators are fine, whichever fits your maintenance program. Extremely large acorns! • Trees make great sound and wind barriers. Large Trees Recommended for North Central Texas include the Shumard Red Oak. • Prune in the right locations – In all cases where it is possible, prune branches that you’re removing just at the pruning collar. • Eastern Red Cedar – Outstanding windbreak or privacy screen. Container grown trees are often oversized for the spread of their root systems to begin with, so frequent watering in the summer will be required until the tree establishes. • Bur Oak – A native oak to Texas (and our area, North Texas), makes a large, rounded oak with yellow fall color. Well-fed trees grow two or more times faster than trees lacking proper nutrition. • Drought tolerant, adaptable to a wide variety of soils, including our clay. The Texas Tree Selector helps you find a tree that will grow in your county. Make sure to cut excessive roots which are circling the edge of the container – a 1/2″ to 1″ depth of cut is fine, depending upon the size of the roots – down each quadrant line. This handout is all about the selection, planting, care and maintenance of shade and ornamental trees in your landscape. ), check the bark monthly for sap or holes. • Wrap the bark – Young trees of certain species (Shumard red oaks, maples, pears, willows, anything with a tender looking bark) should have their trunks wrapped for the first summer the plant’s in ground, and possibly the second. every week to four weeks (again, depending upon size of tree). The pruning collar is the structure at the base of the branch where the growth of the bark of the trunk or major branch surrounds the bark of the branch or twig – it’s noticeable at the base of the branch. The fungi also helps plants uptake phosphorous properly from the soil. If you have a neighbor who likes to play loud music or a busy street nearby, good-sized trees can muffle excessive noise and provide more privacy for your home. Careful, careful watering – It’s technically possible to overwater in summer but in practice, it’s not easy. Production is greatest the next spring, 1 full year after planting. Water newly planted trees with a hose. Even plants in containers can be a bit too far down in the container, either from roots growing through mulch over the top of the ball as the tree’s growing, to being poorly transplanted from smaller to larger container as it grew. The bark is thick and cork-like. Water the soil in as you backfill to work air pockets out. Smoketree. In the spring, fall, and winter, be careful to not overwater. The point of this exercise in all cases is to prevent later girdling of the roots, which can take a tree that’s done well for several years and just “mysteriously” cause it to struggle, or fail. Other good shrubs to grow on clay soils: Abelia, Chaenomeles, Corylus, Cytisus, Escallonia, Garrya, Genista, Hamamelis, Lonicera, Potentilla, Sambucus, Skimmia, Spiraea, Syringa Planting on clay can be difficult … When sold, homes with mature shade trees can command a slightly higher price and definitely sell faster than homes without mature trees. We have a useful watering schedule we recommend to our customers for whom we’re planting trees, and we’ve included it with this handout. New Plantings: Observe the following points when planting your new tree. Be sure to purchase plants suitable for your soil type or amend your soil to support them. This pruning method stops the branch from breaking under the weight of your top cut, and peeling off a strip of bark as the weight of the branch peels down. That’s mighty hard to beat, and make a nice row screen or individual accent plant/small tree. Blackland Prairie clay soils, which are found in the northern part of the state, cover over 2.2 million acres of land. Now you know something about your soil type. Once your trees have been in the ground a few years, twice a year is just fine normally. • Chaste Tree – It blooms blue for much of the summer! Get this….Texas is home to over 1300 soil types in 21 different soil regions! In drought conditions, deep-soak your trees on slow dribble from a water hose for anywhere from two to twenty-four hours (depending upon size of tree!) Check your wires on occasion to keep them firmly in place, but not so stretched as to damage your bark. If it’s moist, leave it alone – if it’s cool to the touch but your finger is dry, it’s time to water. Exposure: Full sun to part shade; Soil: Well-drained; Hardiness: USDA Zone 6 Mexican Plum. Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. Follow these rules: • Dig a wide, shallow hole – Dig a hole roughly twice as wide as the root ball for smaller trees, but make sure the floor of the hole is no deeper than the root ball itself. The plants listed below fill a useful niche – they’re anywhere from 15-25′ tall based on variety, and can make a useful barrier row for tough-to-plant locations, or have an interesting bloom or leaf color. Average landscape size – 70’ tall x 40-50’ wide. The Shumard Red Oak tree is native to Texas and ascends to heights between 50 and 60 feet tall when mature. Additionally, check the root flare of the tree when you install the plant. Prune these lower branches off before they become much thicker than your thumb, and they won’t leave a noticeable long-term scar. If you do have a large branch that must be removed, do a 3-step cut – undercut the branch about 1/3 of the way through, top cut the branch through slightly further away from the tree to take the main weight of the branch off, then clean-cut the stub of the limb just beyond the pruning collar. More About this Tree. When the root flare is exposed, prune any roots that are encircling the trunk or threaten to as the tree grows older and the trunk expands. Nice accent plant or small ornamental tree if the bottom branches are cleaned up. Forest Pansey Redbud. ), it’s always best to do major pruning when needful in late January or February. Evergreen, average landscape size 50-60′ tall x 30′ wide. Keep reading to learn more about Texas native trees, the fastest growing shade trees in Texas, Texas evergreen trees, Texas flowering trees and the most common trees in Texas. • Yaupon Holly (and all upright hollies that fall in the 15′-25′ height range) – Great as an anchor plant in the shrub beds, any number of larger upright hollies are well suited for use as a screen in our area. Native and Adapted Plants for North Texas ... to improve drainage in clay soils and hold moisture at the same ... Before you Plant: Soil Preparation, Amendments 2 One of the best methods for evaluating your soil is to collect and mail a soil sample to the Texas A&M Soil Testing Laboratory. Sprinklers don’t usually water adequately so some hand watering with a hose will be needed, but your tree will not need to be watered nearly as often as the first summer. Deciduous. Size: Up to 3 feet tall. (Not recommended for planting in dry spots. • Bigtooth Maple – A true native Texas maple which is heat tolerant, fast growing, and gets astoundingly good fall color of orange and red colors. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum. When you need to prune a branch back to control length or shape of the plant, prune just beyond a branch bud which is growing in the proper, desired direction. Live oaks are partially evergreen in our area – they’ll thin during the fall and winter depending upon weather, kick their old foliage off just as new leaves are arriving in the spring. This wiring should not be pulled as tight as is possible, but simply firm. Crepe Myrtle. In a perfect world, trees would not be staked at all – it can put pressure on bark, and the tree grows trunk thickness more quickly when it’s exposed to a certain amount of wind back and forth – but since we live in North Texas and we’re pretty windy on occasion, stake your taller new trees. Vitex Leaf Type: Deciduous. Either way, be sure the root flare is exposed. Texas Perssimon. Saucer Magnolia. It’s not meant to stop the tree from leaning at all, but to keep the tree from being knocked out of the ground by high winds. • Watering – After being planted for a year, trees will still require some supplemental watering in the summer. This is a good thing, better in general than digging a tree out of the ground with the damage this involves to the root system, but containers can lead to their own issues. Trees are wonderful things to have in a yard! © 2020 Arborilogical Services, Inc - All rights reserved, Recommended Trees for North Central Texas, City of Dallas Urban Forest Advisory Committee. • Cedar Elm – Native to Texas, average landscape size 50-60’ tall x 30-40’ wide. LARGE open areas, you’re looking to prevent serious weathering and insect damage to the wood which can cause structural problems later. Use it as an individual accent or a very loose row – it’s not well suited for privacy as this plant is airy and open. This is a good way to do it, but we prefer to amend the backfilled soil with expanded shale and compost, to get the trees off to their best start. • Staking – Unless you have an overwhelming reason to not do so, remove all staking after the first full year. • Don’t prune too early – Newly planted trees are the focus here. Plant deciduous trees for this purpose to take advantage of winter sun warming. Desert Willow. • Desert Willow – Extremely drought tolerant, snapdragon-like blooms for much of the late spring and early summer, with another set of blooms occasionally in the summer based upon rainfall. • Anything green and growing around your home cleans the air of pollutants (dust, smog), and provides oxygen. Blanchard”, a darker-leafed variety with glossy foliage and big, fragrant flowers. Fraxinus pennsylvanica. Wet soil trees are a great way to help soak up excess water in your yard. Plant a Chinese elm in any soil in full sun to partial shade with regular watering. Nellie R. Stevens Holly. Best adapted to eastern two-thirds of Texas. Some arborists recommend that you backfill with pure native soil only, as this is what the tree will have to grow in eventually – so to prevent a poor soil transition line that may impact your drainage and rooting, they’ll use pure native soil. • Texas Mountain Laurel – Chains of blue flowers in the early spring – grape-scented like wisteria! While browsing perennials, use our helpful filters to find the right plants for your garden: Soil Type: Clay Advantages: Deer Resistant, or Rabbit Resistant. Fig trees are a great addition to Texas landscapes as they can tolerate some drought and our heat. They’re all stars! Soil testing offered through the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service can help determine the best product for your lawn. • Apply mulch – A 2″ to 3″ layer of mulch should be applied over the root system of your new tree, regardless of season. Deciduous Holly. Ornamental Trees. This should be your soil level when the tree’s in-ground! • Backfill carefully – There are two schools of thought here. They tolerate a wide range of conditions but do best on well-drained soils. Another reason why the clay soils in the Dallas and Fort Worth metroplex frequently expand and contract is because of their mineral content. Don’t damage the pruning collar – prune just above the healthy bark of the trunk or larger branch where possible. In areas where the soil is saline or contains too much clay, construct a raised bed about 10 inches deep. (Your planting hole won’t drain properly, roots will circle and wrap, etc.). In a heavy clay soil it will provide the drainage and in a sandy soil it will hold moisture. Shop the huge inventory of trees in our Online Marketplace here. • Chinquapin Oak – Another native Texas oak, this oak has a flaky bark with an interesting appearance and a saw-toothed leaf. • Live oak. There are several varieties that thrive in DFW but we suggest 'Texas Everbearing’, ‘Brown Turkey’ and ‘Alma’ for their heavy fruit set and gorgeous foliage. This trait causes them to use up much of the water in their vicinity, which may be enough to dry the surrounding area out enough so that other plants that are not as adapted to wet soil can survive. Deciduous. ), Preferred Types of Ornamental/Barrier Tree. Oklahoma Redbud. Deciduous. Above and beyond their beauty and aesthetic appeal, having several carefully selected and placed trees can provide you with the following benefits: • A well placed shade tree can lower the roof and wall temperatures of your home by 20° or more in the summer; trees planted to reduce afternoon sun on your home can add up to significant savings on your summer electric bill! • Fertilization – every March and September. Season of Bloom: Summer. Move the hose end around every couple of hours under the canopy of the tree to properly water all parts of the root system. This wire should be carefully padded with a piece of old waterhose at any point it’s wrapped around a part of the tree, and double the wire to spread the force out that the bark has to withstand. Sumac. Carefully remove soil from the top of the root ball (don’t unduly disturb lots of roots, but a few small roots are fine to remove) until you find the root flare of the tree, the point where the tree’s trunk flares out. Native to the Hill Country and up into North Central Texas. https://www.provenwinners.com/learn/top-ten-lists/top-10-shrubs-clay-soil Carolina Cherry Laurel. Both are helpful when properly used. • Smoke Tree – Better as an individual accent, smoke trees are very drought tolerant and most commercial types have a nice maroon color to new growth that makes this plant stand out. Bark and sapwood don’t like growing over a 140-degree surface. Average landscape size – 60-80’ tall x 60-80’ wide. Astilbe (Astilbe japonica) – Zone 3-8; Bearded Iris (Iris germanica) – Zone 3-9; Bee Balm (Monarda) – Zone 4-8 The earth in North Texas consists of … Carolina Buckthorn. Trees for North Texas Shade Trees Big Tooth Maple Caddo Maple Shantung Maple Pecan Arizona Cypress Easter Red Cedar Goldenrain Tree Southern Magnolia Eldarica Pine Chinese Pistache White Oak Red Oak Lacey Oak Bur Oak Chinquapin Oak Post Oak Live Oak Soapberry American Elm Cedar Elm Lacebark Elm Ornamental Trees Japanese Maple Tree Red Buckeye Hibiscus syriacus ‘Hamabo is one of the best. The rest of the time, they’re an extremely drought resistant small ornamental tree. Best Plants for Clay Soil: Repel Deer, Rabbits, and Other Critters. I will plant my tree in this county: ... Has highly alkaline soil (> 7.5 pH) Is shady all or most of the day : Read more about soil … Rattlesnake master and Miss Willmott's ghost are two other types of Eryngium that grow well in clay soils. Two are Lady Bug Terra Tonic and Medina Molasses for Plants, Turf, and Soil. • Chinese Pistache – A Texas Superstar, this tree has a good speed of growth with great yellow, orange, and red fall coloration. • Pecan – State tree of Texas, native through most of the state, a long-lasting tree. They grow to ... • Shumard red oak. Waxleaf ligustrum: Grows to 10 to 12 ft. tall and 8 to 10 ft. wide. Deciduous. • Inspect Trunks for Borers – On susceptible species (maples, red oaks, etc. Shumard Red Oaks. I understand it’s nearly thirty-eight percent of the weight of each stone here in moisture. Small Trees That Can Tolerate Clay Soil. A few notes on pruning below: • Save major pruning for late winter – Unless some circumstance demands you prune your tree at a different time (power line companies, cities, storms, etc. These will be the best trees (in my opinion) for large parts of Texas. Soil test kits may also be found at many local nurseries. North Texas Soil Types . Check it closely! Texas Mountain Laurel. • Add more mulch – Make sure you’re maintaining at least a 2″ deep layer of mulch on your tree’s root ball, and don’t allow grass to grow into this area. It’s a nice plant! The National Gardening Association recommends adding organic matter to these soils to improve drainage and lighten the soil. Deciduous. Zones: 5-9. While raised beds of porous, organically enriched soil are the best way to go for many plants, there is a decent list of trees, shrubs and perennials that tolerate poor drainage in gumbolike soil. Many trees that grow in wet areas will use large amounts of water. A tree is just a great big air filter as far as the environment is concerned! Japanese Maple. • Southern Magnolias – We prefer varieties like “D.D. • Crape Myrtle (tall types) – They bloom for three months. If you amend your soil, you still need to use native soil, blended with the compost and shale to improve drainage a bit and feed your roots, as your backfill – never replace the soil outright with a softer or more easily worked soil, as this can cause serious problems! If you see either, or beetle-like insects on the trunk, drench the tree with Bonide or ferti-lome Systemic Drench to prevent borer issues before they become serious. • Early pruning prevents later sawing – Remove potential rubbing branches, bad branch angles, and lower growth you want to open up while the branches are under an inch in diameter. • Live Oak – Absolutely the standard in tough trees! Feed extra zinc if you’re looking for a good harvest of nuts on more mature trees. A healthy mycorrhizae population boosts plants’ immune systems. For balled-and-burlapped trees, remove any wire or nylon holding the burlap together, but leave the burlap itself on as you plant it. Good reasons for pruning includes improving the shape of the plant (removing rubbing or tangled limbs, unneeded lower limbs, etc. This generalized list is a starting point for finding plants for your clay soil garden. Best Shade Trees for Texas. Small Trees – Sweet Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Texas Persimmon, Russian Olive, Texas Madrone and more; Medium Trees – Lacey Oak, Thornless Common Honeylocust, Western Soapberry, Chinaberry and more; Large Trees – Post Oak, Montezuma Cypress, Arizona Cypress, Cedar Elm, Pond Baldcypress … Average landscape size – 60-80’ tall x 50-60’ wide. Older, more established trees don’t need to be watered as often as trees that have only been in ground a few years, but when you do water them, it takes a long time to soak the soil deeply enough to do real good. At doing this, but even deciduous trees for this purpose to take advantage of winter sun.. Plant species that can survive hard, compact soil year after planting damage to the value of your home the. 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