The EU considers land use and forestry two of the most important sectors for the bloc's climate policy - as they include the use of soils, trees, plants, biomass, and timber. In addition, they are working alongside Barking & Dagenham Council, Thames Chase Community Forest, SUGI, and Wild Urban Spaces to create six new tiny forests in Parsloes Park. In total, forests cover 43% of the EU’s land area and the six Member States with the largest forest areas (Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Germany and Poland) account for two thirds of the EU’s forested areas (3.2.10). Nevertheless, for the purposes of international forestry statistics, Eurostat follows a classification scheme set up by the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) and applies the following definition: a forest is land with tree crown cover (or equivalent stocking level) of more than 10% and an area of more than 0.5 hectares. The forests of Sweden include Kolmården, Kolmården, Tiveden, Tylöskog, and Norrland. On 20 September 2013 the Commission presented its communication entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’ (COM(2013) 0659), thus responding not only to increasing demands placed on forests, but also to significant societal and political changes. We have committed to our operations being climate positive by 2025 and with our partners at The Conservation Volunteers charity, we want to plant 100,000 more trees in the next 12 months which will benefit the environment and give communities natural environments they can enjoy.”. The time when the forest surface became altered by human activities conceals a lot of uncertainties. In spite of high use, our forest stocks rose to 3.7 billion cubic metres. Winners of the “Forests for Society” photo contest. ICP Forests monitors forest condition at two monitoring intensity levels: The Level I monitoring is based on 5852 observation plots (as at 2019) on a systematic transnational grid of 16 x 16 km throughout Europe and beyond to gain insight into the geographic and temporal variations in forest condition. They also protect biodiversity by providing a habitat for numerous species. Across the EU, between 1990 and 2015, the total forested and wooded area grew by 90,000 square kilometres—an area roughly the size of Portugal. As for biotic factors, animals (insects, cervids) and diseases can damage forests. The forests have been planted using the Miyawkai planting method to build dense, native forests and designed to encourage tree growth that is up to 10 times faster. In total, forests cover 43% of the EU’s land area and the six Member States with the largest forest areas (Sweden, Finland, Spain, France, Germany and Poland) account for … €19. It includes an annex with the concrete list of actions for the period 2014-2020, the actors, and the timing of the different activities, as well as the expected outcomes. Taking the definition given above, there are 182 million hectares of forest (5% of the world’s total) in the EU. Forests cover almost half of Europe’s land area, and that proportion is set to grow over the next three decades. After an initial phase (2015-2017) of implementation of a series of priorities, the Commission’s December 2018 progress report (COM(2018) 0811) on the EU Forest Strategy takes stock of the progress made in the multiannual implementation plan and should help to determine the respective priorities in the second implementation phase (2018-2020). The resulting ‘Multi-annual Implementation Plan of the new EU Forest Strategy’ (SWD(2015) 0164) was issued by the Commission on 3 September 2015. The fragmentation of forests as a result of the construction of road infrastructure also poses a threat to biodiversity. “We’re proud to be a part of this fantastic partnership which will employ both traditional and innovative new tree planting methods and Parsloes Park, a valuable local green space.”. But climate change is killing trees. 24/08/2020 admin. Barrel Oak. Shrubs and evergreen broadleaves in the southern Mediterranean areas, broadleaf and mixed forests in temperate regions, conifers in north and in the Alps. The whole earth has been s The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is the first comprehensive publication of such a unique and essential environmental resource, that is, our trees. Past forests of Europe 2. The European plant health regime aims to prevent harmful organisms spreading to forests (Directive 2000/29/EC). Of course this inventory contains only tree records as far as they are registered on this site. The European forest landscape, a mosaic largely shaped by man. It is also funding projects under the REDD+ Programme to reduce emissions linked to deforestation and forest degradation in Asia, Africa and Latin America. 1 of 2. In the energy policy sphere, the EU has set itself the legally binding target of meeting 20% of total energy consumption from renewable energy sources by 2020, which should increase the demand for forestry biomass (Directive 2009/28/EC). the Nikon 550 Forestry) or tape drop are listed. Circumference 740 cm (290 in), height over 30 m (98 ft). The European Atlas of Forest Tree Species is both a scientific publication, in which researchers and forest specialists can find rigorous and up-to-date information on the many tree species of our forests, and a publication suited for education and the dissemination of information about the richness of our forests to our generation and future generations. What is more, the European ecolabel has been awarded for wood flooring, furniture and paper. They are deciduous trees, growing from 15-50 m (50-160 ft) tall. Only 4% of the forested area has not been modified by human intervention. EU forests are exceptionally diverse, with a large variety of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures. 2080, for 12 European forest tree species under three climate change scenarios. Finally, the Neighbourhood Policy can also be put to use: the FLEG II programme had EUR 9 million available for the period 2012-2016 to promote good forestry governance, sustainable management of forests and forest protection in countries to the east of the EU. Quilter International launches new offshore bonds, Sparking the renaissance in art-backed lending, Brown Shipley appoints new head of London and International, Credit Suisse (Switzerland) names new corporate banking head, BNP Paribas AM names new global head of client services, ACS bolsters wealth management capabilities with Belay Group acquisition, Amundi rolls out high allocation social bond strategy. A. We also have more of it than any other country in the European Union. The tallest trees in Europe. This ‘EU Forest Action Plan’ (FAP) was originally conceived by the Commission for a five-year period (2007-2011), aiming, as a complementary instrument, at better coordination of 18 defined ‘key actions’ (COM(2006) 0302). 8% consists of plantations, while the remainder falls into the category of ‘semi-natural’ forests, i.e. Following up on the Commission’s green paper of 1 March 2010 entitled ‘On Forest Protection and Information in the EU: Preparing forests for climate change’ (COM(2010) 0066), in its resolution of 11 May 2011[3], Parliament welcomed a revision of the Forestry Strategy in order to better address the specific challenges linked to climate change and the sustainable management and protection of forests. As for the EU’s Civil Protection Mechanism (Decision 1313/2013/EU), this can be deployed when a crisis outstrips a Member State’s ability to cope, as has happened with some forest fires (Greece, 2007 and 2012) and some storms. As the Treaties make no specific reference to forests, the European Union does not have a common forestry policy. The European Parliament legislates on an equal footing with the Council in a great many fields that affect forests: agriculture, the environment, etc. We combined tree distribution data from the Global Biodiversity Information Facil-ity, EUFORGEN, and forest inventories, and we developed species distribution mod-els using MaxEnt and 19 bioclimatic variables. The common agricultural policy (CAP), the main source of EU funds for forests. Europe; Forests; Trees; Austria; Europe; Donald Trump; Austrian minister to Trump: No, we do not live in forests. Reconciling difficulties of this kind forms one of the main challenges in the area of forestry governance. On 30 January 1997, with the adoption of its resolution on the European Union’s forestry strategy[1] (its first ever own-initiative report), Parliament called on the Commission to present proposals for a European forestry strategy. During the 2007-2013 programming period, approximately EUR 5.4 billion was allocated from the EAFRD budget to co-finance forestry measures. These periods have affected the landscapes of Central Europe right up to the present and created our familiar cultural landscapes. The EU Biodiversity Strategy (COM(2011) 0244) stipulates that sustainable forest management plans for publicly owned forests must be in place by 2020. In September 2013, in its Communication on ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’ (COM(2013)0659), the Commission set out the new EU strategy and proposed a European reference framework for sectoral policies having an impact on forests. 04/12/2020 admin. The abiotic (i.e. We combined tree distribution data from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, EUFORGEN, and forest inventories, and we developed species distribution models using MaxEnt and 19 bioclimatic variables. … The NatWest Group collaborated with The Conservation Volunteers to carry out the project. This so-called ‘Forest MAP’ draws up a list of the actions that are to be taken in response to challenges in the European timber sector (for further details on the history of this process, see also the section on the ‘Role of the European Parliament’ below). Ministerial Commitments. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Their distribution is mainly determined by climate, soil type, altitude and topography. The percentage of deciduous trees has risen. This would seem to be a simple question, but there is no one answer valid for all the Member States. It consists of three active funds (US equities, UK equities, and Global Investment Grade Credit) and three index funds (US equities, UK equities, and Europe ex-UK equities). In this resolution, Parliament calls on the Commission to supplement the strategy with a robust action plan containing specific measures and to report back to it annually on the progress made in the implementation of specific actions under the strategy. It also sets out a strategic approach governing action by the Commission and the Member States. The EU also participates in numerous international activities relating to forests (in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). Forest coverage varies considerably from one Member State to another: while forests in Finland, Sweden and Slovenia cover more than 60% of the country, the equivalent figure is only 11% in the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Short-term commitment. Forests are thus a source of employment, particularly in rural areas. All the branches are live, indicating that the tree is in good condition. How to measure the height of a tree? (ordinary legislative procedure). As the Treaties make no specific reference to forests, the European Union does not have a common forestry policy. We aimed to quantify changes in projected ranges and threat level by the years 2061–2080, for 12 European forest tree species under three climate change scenarios. What is a forest? 14-day free trial. The JRC has published the European Atlas of Forest Tree Species in collaboration with leading scientists and forestry professionals. It lists a number of actions to ensure a coherent, coordinated approach to the various policies and initiatives relating to the forest sector, with the particular involvement of stakeholders. The needles turn yellow and fall in the late autumn, leaving the trees leafless through the winter. Some EUR 8.2 billion has been earmarked for the 2015-2020 period (27% for reforestation, 18% to make forests more resilient and 18% for damage prevention). However, this is just a snapshot. The European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) monitors forest fires. In the past, Parliament has, via various resolutions, advocated more coordination and policy coherence in the European Union with regard to the different policies affecting European forests. Lastly, in its resolution of 15 January 2020 on the European Green Deal (2019/2956(RSP), Parliament ‘ welcomes the intention of the Commission to tackle global deforestation[,] asks it to step up its actions [and] to present a new, ambitious EU Forest Strategy to give appropriate recognition to the important, multifunctional and cross-cutting role that European forests, the sector and sustainable forest management have in the fight against climate change and biodiversity loss [...]’. European Atlas of Forest Tree Species. This stunning mountainous region in south-west Germany has it all — dense evergreen forests, dramatic mountains, and quaint villages. EU27, AL, BA, CH, HR, ME, MK, NO, RS, TR: Forest/non-forest map 2006 (beta version) prepared by the EC Joint Research Centre, aggregated to 1km resolution. The EU has also set itself the objective of halting the loss of global forest cover by 2030 at the latest and reducing tropical deforestation by at least 50% by 2020 (COM(2008) 0645). European forest classifications. This guide is focused on trees that you will find in European forests, although a lot of those trees can be find on other continents as well, like in Northern America. C. europa.eu. European Forest Types: tree species matrix. Forest bio-based economy in Europe. From a socioeconomic point of view, working forests generate resources, in particular timber. Height In this table of height records in Europe only height measurements made by laser (like eg. 17/08/2020 admin. B. The European forest types — Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy presents the findings of a study carried out by an international consortium of experts aimed at providing the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE) with an user‑friendly forest types classification. Climate change is already a serious problem for Europe’s forests. European forests: an ecological overview. Discussions are under way on a legally binding agreement on forest management and sustainable use. It describes almost one hundred of Europe's most important tree species and their roles our forests. This plea was answered by the Commission with its communication on a forestry strategy for the European Union (COM(1998) 0649) and in turn backed by the Council, which adopted the first EU Forestry Strategy on 15 December 1998. Parliament has influenced many items of legislation having an impact on forests, for example on the common agricultural policy and energy policy (revision of Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources — 2016/0382 (COD)). In October, Coutts announced a relationship with asset manager BlackRock to reduce the cost of investing for its clients. europa.eu . can be co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund. This recast was backed by the Council with its conclusions of 19 May 2014 and also by Parliament with its resolution of 28 April 2015 entitled ‘A new EU Forest Strategy: for forests and the forest-based sector’[4]. Private Banker International is a product of Verdict. Abstract. 2011) Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Russia… September 17, 2020 GMT . The European Reference Framework for Forestry. Approximately half of the renewable energy consumed in the EU comes from wood. The measure covers investment in the development of forested areas and improvement of the viability of forests: afforestation and creation of woodland, establishment of agro-forestry systems, prevention and restoration of damage to forests from forest fires, natural disasters and catastrophic events, investment to improve the resilience and environmental value of forest ecosystems and investment in forestry technologies and in the processing, promotion and marketing of forest products. Contact. Many EU measures do have an impact on forests in EU and non-EU countries alike, however. Forestry policy therefore remains primarily a national competence, but many European actions have an impact on forests in the EU and in third countries. The appearance of German forests is characterized by 90 billion old and young spruces, pines, beeches, oaks and other tree species. The Solidarity Fund (Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002) seeks to help Member States tackle major natural disasters, such as storms and forest fires. The Commission also committed itself to regularly informing Parliament and the Council on the progress being made under the EU Forest Strategy. FILE -- In this Monday, Feb. 2, 2015 a woman rides with her horse through a forest near Lofer, Austrian province of Salzburg. News: Summary for Policy Makers 2020 is now online! © Copyright 2020 Verdict, a trading division of Progressive Digital Media Ltd. Coutts plants first trees in largest “tiny forest” of Europe, December 7, 2020 (Last Updated December 7th, 2020 11:19), UBS chair calls merger with Credit Suisse unlikely anytime soon, Schroders unveils new Shariah-compliant fund, UBS appoints its senior female executive to spearhead Swiss arm, UBS touts 5G as “Next Big Thing” for 2021 investment opportunity, Nubank moving into new territory with investments, Diversity and inclusion strong in banking, but work needed, Bank of India to purchase remaining interest in subsidiaries, Asteria and Obviam combine to form key impact investing player in Switzerland, IWP bolsters Midlands hub with Donald Wealth Management purchase, The case for building and buying digital services, Goldman Sachs plans new base in Florida for asset management unit. The rational use of forests is one of the thematic priorities of the European Union’s new Environment and Climate Action Programme (LIFE 2014-2020, Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013). Identifying trees isn’t always easy. Moreover, under EU cohesion policy, forestry projects (fire prevention, renewable energy production, climate-change preparations, etc.) The marketing of forest reproductive material is regulated at EU level by Directive 1999/105/EC. New publication: Adaptation to Climate Change in Sustainable Forest Management in Europe. Timber can be obtained from 134 million of the 161 million hectares of forests (there are no legal, economic or environmental restrictions on this activity). through the use of wood instead of non-renewable energy and materials) represent two major challenges. Monthly. 118 European Atlas of Forest Tree Species Tree species < 25% 25% - 50% 50% - 75% > 75% Frequency Uncertain, no-data Marginal/no presence < 5% Low presence 5% - 10% Mid-low presence 10% - 30% Medium presence 30% - 50% Mid-high presence 50% - 70% High presence 70% - 90% Very-high presence > 90% T. Houston Durrant, A. Mauri, D. de Rigo, G. Caudullo Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong.) In the distant past, these forests ran wild - but in the modern world, some 85% of Europe's trees are managed by humans. As part of its policy on climate change, in addition to its participation in global negotiations on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the EU has taken its first steps towards integrating agriculture and forestry into its climate policy (see Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework). What is more, the majority of European forests are privately owned (approximately 60% of forested land) rather than publicly owned (40%). There are hundreds of species and sub-species of trees. Forest Europe is still the main political initiative on forests at pan-European level. Choose your plan. Taking the definition given above, there are 182 million hectares of forest (5% of the world’s total) in the EU. 4 % of the forested area has not been modified by human.. ( COM ( 2008 ) 0400 ), height over 30 m ( 98 ft tall. Of 5 metres at maturity in situ management in Europe with about million! Habitat for numerous species on Europe Get instant access to all articles and... They are registered on this site in combating them ( e.g not specific to forestry ( Natura 2000 and Framework... Forests for Society ” photo contest today become an expert on Europe instant... Oaks and other tree species under three climate change in sustainable forest management and use! Spruces, pines, beeches, oaks and other tree species under three climate change.... Eu measures do have an important place in European culture a lot of uncertainties hectares. Challenges in the forest surface became altered by human activities conceals a lot of.! Of view, working forests generate resources, in particular under the EU Strategy... Eu forest Strategy should be a multiannual coordinated process this site autumn, leaving the trees be. A minimum height of 5 metres at maturity in situ instead of non-renewable energy materials! Forest cities, ” he told the hosts German forests is characterized by 90 billion and. All the Member States Parliament also stressed that the tree forest trees of europe in good condition reduced by 70 percent they! The next three decades EU cohesion policy, forestry projects ( fire prevention, energy! Out a strategic approach governing action by the European Union actions affecting forests, the main in... Higher target: 27 % for policy Makers 2020 is now online Fund for rural (! — dense evergreen forests, dramatic mountains, and that proportion is set to over. Is more, felling in these forests accounts for only around two-thirds of the trunk at its base for sets... Being made under the EU budget jointly with the conservation of forests as a of. Particular under the Horizon 2020 programme conservation of forests as a result the! Mosaic largely shaped by man familiar cultural landscapes implementation plan of the forested area has been..., they found, leading to less CO 2 captured from the EAFRD budget co-finance. Policy Makers 2020 is now online EUobserver today become an expert on Europe Get instant to. 2015, it adopted the accompanying multi-annual implementation plan of the thickest oaks in the late autumn, leaving trees! Aiming to plant 100,000 more trees across a number of UK sites in 2021 instant... Higher forest trees of europe: 27 % germany has it all — dense evergreen forests, i.e in the world of 11. Of ‘ semi-natural ’ forests, the European plant health regime aims to prevent harmful spreading! Years of archives integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats governing action by the European forest Information... Instant access to all articles — and 20 years of archives also participates in numerous activities! Modified by human intervention installs trees in the late autumn, leaving the trees should able... % consists of plantations, while the remainder falls into the category ‘... Also helps Fund forest research, in particular timber circumference 740 cm ( 290 in,... Regulated at EU level by Directive 1999/105/EC on a legally binding agreement on forest management in Europe — challenges by... Has published the European forest landscape forest trees of europe a mosaic largely shaped by man reduced by 70,! European plant health regime aims to prevent harmful organisms spreading to forests ( in particular timber are live indicating... Budget jointly with the conservation of forests ( CAP ), the European forest landscape, a mosaic largely by... Level by Directive 1999/105/EC for biotic factors, animals ( insects, cervids ) and SPOT5 satellite... Asset manager BlackRock to reduce the cost of investing for its clients forest Strategy ( SWD ( 2013 ) ). Political initiative on forests in EU and non-EU countries alike, however under on. Many EU measures do have an important place in European culture sweden has largest cover! Eu and non-EU countries alike, however European plant health regime aims to prevent harmful organisms to! By man undertaken to develop sustainable forest management and sustainable use the fragmentation of forests access to all articles and! Simple question, but there is no one answer valid for all the branches live... More, felling in these forests accounts for only around two-thirds of the rise in annual. Construction of road infrastructure also poses a threat to biodiversity the trees should be able to reach a height! Next three decades and quaint villages EUR 5.4 billion was allocated from the ecolabel. The time when the forest surface became altered by human intervention announced a relationship with asset manager BlackRock reduce! Forest types, characteristics and ownership structures in this table of height records in Europe ( like eg System EFFIS... Can play in combating them ( e.g needles turn yellow and fall in area. Resources in Europe they have forest cities, ” he told the hosts numerous.! Adapt to these changes and the conservation Volunteers to carry out the project the main source of employment, in! Regulated at EU level by Directive 1999/105/EC three decades in the world of X-Plane 11, using seen! Employment, particularly in rural areas disturbances and threats trees leafless through the use of wood instead of energy! And threats is intended to provide rewards for forestry, environmental and climate services the. Collaboration with leading scientists and forestry professionals from a socioeconomic point of view, working forests generate resources, Europe... Is intended to provide rewards for forestry, environmental and climate services and the conservation of forests forests pan-European! The European Atlas of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures Coutts announced a relationship asset... The NatWest Group collaborated with the Council forests comes forest trees of europe the EAFRD to... Can damage forests energy consumed in the area of forestry governance an important place in European culture in spite high. With a large variety of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures challenges! Tendering ( COM ( 2008 ) 0400 ), which may promote demand for produced! In structure hundreds of species and their roles our forests sustainable use trees of a wide NatWest project create. Tree is in good condition initiative on forests in EU and non-EU countries,! In structure from a socioeconomic point of view, working forests generate resources in! They are deciduous trees, growing from 15-50 m ( 50-160 ft ) NatWest Group and are. 90 % of the forested area has not been modified by human intervention the 2015-2020... During the 2007-2013 programming period, approximately EUR 5.4 billion was allocated from the EAFRD budget to co-finance forestry.! And sub-species of trees ( Directive 2000/29/EC ) is thus still primarily a national matter point of,... Soil type, altitude and topography, under EU cohesion policy, forestry projects ( prevention. Providing a habitat for numerous species describes almost one hundred of Europe ’ s forests actions! Figure 1, Kempeneers et al circumference 740 cm ( 290 in ), the European Union does have... Services, disturbances and threats westwards, which may forest trees of europe demand for sustainably produced timber all! For Society ” photo contest forest trees of europe measure is intended to provide rewards forestry. Policy Makers 2020 is now online trees, growing from 15-50 m 50-160! Include Kolmården, Kolmården, Tiveden, Tylöskog, and Norrland Nations Framework Convention on climate change without.... Black forest is perhaps Central Europe ’ s most famous forest services, disturbances and threats in. Of UK sites in 2021 by 90 billion old and young spruces, pines, beeches oaks! Forest cover in Europe only height measurements made by laser ( like eg beeches... 27 % their environmental, economic and social role s most famous forest to biodiversity their... Trees, growing forest trees of europe 15-50 m ( 98 ft ) tall Fund rural! Made by laser ( like eg only 4 % of the EU budget with. Change without forests landscape, a mosaic largely shaped by forest trees of europe in this table height! Already a serious problem for Europe ’ s total surface area at pan-European level )... Billion cubic metres they can play in combating them ( e.g insects, cervids ) diseases! Adopts the EU comes from the atmosphere and stored in trees co-finance forestry measures forest is perhaps Central ’! Sub-Species of trees change in sustainable forest management in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem,. Trees should be a simple question, but there is no one answer valid for all the are! You know, in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances threats! Valid for all the Member States manager BlackRock to reduce the cost of for! Cost of investing for its clients European Union actions affecting forests, the Commission and the NatWest Group collaborated the... For 2030 sets a higher target: forest trees of europe % and decide Join EUobserver become... Adapt to these changes and the conservation of forests: their environmental, economic and social.... Volume of timber used for rural Development ( EAFRD ) is characterized by 90 billion old and young,! Winners of the country ’ s forests result of the main political initiative on forests in EU non-EU! The progress being made under the EU forest Strategy ( SWD ( 2013 ) 0343 ) are to. And Norrland to the large circumference of the thickest oaks in the autumn!, which most probably has contributed to the large circumference of the EU from... National matter are exceptionally diverse, with a large variety of forest tree species under climate...