The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese army in Burma. Thailand - Burma Railway . The first prisoners of war to arrive on the construction site were the Australians, a few thousand of them. These photographs show the skeletal state of British prisoners in Japan at the end of the Second World War. They left prison in Changi and were shipped to Burma. THAI-BURMA RAILWAY - Assorted maps of the TBR (poor image quality) Asst. At around the same time, British prisoners of war were sent to Thailand. This report deals with conditions leading to the death of over 3,000 British and Australian Army Prisoners of War between April 1943 and April 1944. During World War Two the Japanese forced prisoners of war to build a 400km railway from Thailand to Myanmar (then Burma). ... "F" Force. 6.3 Hospital registers for prisoner of war camps in the Far East (1942-1947) Prisoners of War. Not only were the long days of the POWs filled with harsh labour and punctuated by physical abuse, but also the prisoners were provided with grossly inadequate food. Burma Railway, also called Burma-Siam Railway, railway built during World War II connecting Bangkok and Moulmein (now Mawlamyine), Burma ().The rail line was built along the Khwae Noi (Kwai) River valley to support the Japanese armed forces during the Burma Campaign. The records cover the period 1939-1945 and contain the names, ranks and locations of Prisoners of War, along with the length of time spent in camps, … Until railroad construction began, they were tasked with constructing airfields. The Thai-Burma railway line was the responsibility of the 5th and 9th Railway Regiments of the 2nd Railway Brigade, both with around 2,300 men. The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by British, Australian, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project inspired by the need for improved communications to maintain the large Japanese Armv in Burma. Tens of thousands died during the construction and it … Hundreds of emaciated servicemen were found following the fall of Japan in 1945. 6.2 Prisoners of war held in Singapore camps (1942-1945) Search for the names of some 13,500 allied prisoners of war and civilian internees held in Singapore camps (WO 367) on Findmypast (£). With the Japanese headquarter's decision to complete the railroad, more than 61,000 prisoners taken during campaigns in Southeast Asia and the Pacific were brought to Thailand and Burma. More than 12,000 Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and tens of thousands of forced labourers perished during its … They include both British prisoners of war and other nationalities. Burma Railway - Burma Railway - Life on the Death Railway: Allied POWs experienced inhumane treatment and endured torture by Japanese forces.