For example, all people are equal The sharing of river water between different states that the river goes through is becoming an issue of conflict. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revision Notes History Why Do We Need a Parliament Parliament enables citizens of India to participate in decision making and control the government, thus making it the most important symbol of Indian democracy and a key feature of the Constitution. You will learn why they thought we need a government in the first place. The Thirsty County government has hired the Splash Engineering firm (your class) to study the needs of the community and develop a solution that addresses those needs. [V. (iv) The two states involved in the Cauvery water dispute are ……………………. MCQ Questions for Class 8 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. An expert discussion about a new military branch becomes a master class on why things need to change By Joe Pappalardo If government don’t make law like this than everyone will drive and could cause a major accident. Ans. Why Would We Need a U.S. Space Force, Anyway? People need a centralized regulating authority that is the driving force in the growth and development of their nation. The local level means in villages, towns or locality. This leads to conflict. Ans. (a) 1950 5. The government make laws for people and everyone who live there have to follow these. and like every community it must be governed. The national level is for the entire country. Write a short note on ‘The African National Congress’. This achievement of democratic government for India has come up because of the great struggle of Indian peoples. They took rallies and also organised a signature campaign. [V. Imp.] How did Dr. Ambedkar and many others like his view equality and justice? Ans: The government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws because of the following reasons: The government wants to give advantages to the people of the welfare measures to all without discrimination. Ans: Conflicts occur when people of different cultures, religions, regions or economic background do not get along with each other, or when some among them feel they are being discriminated against. Ans: The police try their best to ensure that violence does not take place. A government is an organized system, whereby a group of individuals is given the responsibility to act on behalf of the citizens to maintain peaceful coexistence. The oppressor and oppressed were planning to live together as equals in the new democracy. A government serves as a central governing authority for the people who form a country. We Database of more then 20K CBSE Tutors, Millions of CBSE Students, Teachers and Principals. Name the party that fought against the system of apartheid. Many of the Founding Father’s (writers of the Constitution) ideas about government were based on the ideas of the philosopher John Locke. Q.10. How does the power of the government got limited? This is a moment when people can sense their power in a democracy. The key question is “Why do we need rules in school?” Depending on the answers given by the students, the teacher might write something on the flipchart or blackboard. Why does a federal court ruling in one circuit only apply to States in that circuit? (c) English They often turn violent and cause damage to the property and life of the people. If you have any doubts, you can put a comment here. These ideas establish what the purpose of government should be and what kind of government is best. You'll find out what political parties really are and what role they actually play in politics. Afrikaans. It was the effort of Nelson Mandela that made South Africa a democratic country. (b)  Zulu In this type of government, government has to explain its works or say actions to the people. Thus, society does not keep boys and girls at the same level. How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today? What is the role of police when there is a chance of violence? 5. The downstream dam in Tamil Nadu can only be filled up if water is released from the upstream one located in Karnataka. Ans: The government ensures that the constitutional provisions are implied in the country. For example, government made laws for driving that only person who has driving license can drive otherwise he can be sent to jail or fined. The two major political parties and their history. Crores of rupees are spent on committees and commissions. In this type people cannot make law directly but their elected representative come together and make rule behalf of them. Imp.] A government can call itself democratic government if it follows the universal adult franchise. Ans: They thought that justice can only be achieved when people are treated equally. Answer: This is the topmost level of government. Match the items given in column A correctly with those given in column B correctly. Your email address will not be published. (ii) Equality and justice                              (b) Black Your email address will not be published. (d)   Six years. Ans: South Western Township (Soweto). 5. Check out MCQs for Chapter 3 “Why Do We Need a Parliament” Class 8 Civics Social and Political Life Book with Answers. Answer. Non-whites could vote in South Africa before 1994. Lesson Background and Concepts for Teachers A dam is built to control water through placement of a blockage of earth, rock and/or concrete across a stream or river. Ans. We will also see the three forms of government, democracy, autocracy and oligarchy. 9. Each section wanted to safeguard their interests and wanted substantial social and economic rights. Explain with an example. They used these ideas when they developed our government. Every country which exist in the world need a government to make decisions and control things. To provide equality and justice to all. (iv) Hector Ndlovu                                     (d)Q Whites Now, it is the job of the central government to step in and see that a fair distribution is worked out for both states. Given here is the complete explanation of the lesson, along with all the exercises, Question and Answers given at the back of the lesson. Why People Need a Government. Q.8. Thus a party is known by which part it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interests it upholds. Government has its different department for different activities like government has courts to solve any criminal or civil cases. (b) Three years In some case the monarch can take advise from small group of people to run the government. Imp.] State the demands of the Indian National Congress in 1885. A country is nothing but one giant community. Finally, the system was abolished in 1994 and South Africa became a democratic country in which people of all races were considered equal. In this type of government there is a king or say monarch who has all the power to make decision and take action. There are two main types of government, viz. When natural disaster like Tsunami, drought, famine take place than government has the duties to provide aid to its people. Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society. At the national level- the national level relates to the entire country. After the decision of the court, the government officials need to ensure that law is properly enforced. There are many places in the world where people struggled for democratic government. What are apartheid laws? A political party basically, is a group of people. A) 1910. Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Take Free Test for Class 8 Civics MCQs. Ans: We need the government to find solutions to many disputes and conflicts because of the following: Disputes and conflicts block the way to progress. What was their language? When the Founding Fathers set about creating the American system of government after a successful rebellion from England, they had no idea how the system would evolve over the course of … Q13. We know when we as individuals crave change and why. Why government needs to control resources and protect the territory of a country? Class 6 Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Class 6. We need governments to protect us from other, worse power structures that would otherwise form in our midst and deprive us of our rights. Answer: Unlike in democratic government monarch does not have to explain its decision and actions to the people. In other type of democracy – direct democracy, people make rules directly by make referendums at that time. By taking interest in the working of the government. Required fields are marked *. Ans: The African National Congress. What are the two main levels of government? 18. Ambedkar The democratic government which we have in our country is indirect form of democratic country. CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 3 Why do we need a Parliament – Detailed explanation of the chapter ‘Why do we need a Parliament’ along with question answers. 2nd Grade Social Studies Standard 2-C1.0.1 Explain why people form governments 2-C3.0.3 Identify services commonly provided by local governments (e.g., police, fire departments, schools, libraries, parks) Objective TSW identify services provided by the government by completing the worksheet with 80% In our society boys and girls are valued equally. This power is given through election in which people elect a particular person to represent them and take decisions behalf of them. Ans. Why Do We Need a Parliament? This document is highly rated by Class 6 students and has been viewed 980 times. This lesson introduces you to some of the basic ideas which were of great importance to the Founders. Monarchy: When the head of the government is a king, this is called a … One of their bullets killed Hector. Rivers can also become a source of conflict between states. The leaders 2. Q. In August 2005, when a particular government increased the money people had to pay for electricity, people expressed their disapproval very sharply. We also compile CBSE Academics curriculum / syllabus, CBSE Results, CBSE News, CBSE Videos for you. What does the government do to promote justice among the girls? 1. My Government class was more of a 'how politics work' type class. 3. These people come together to contest elections in order to hold power in the government. Q18. India is a democratic country and therefore it has democratic type of government. Dr. Nelson Mandela was their leader. The government tried to explain and defend its decision but finally listened to the people’s opinion and withdrew the increase. Imp.] The water stored In the Krishnasagar dam in Karnataka is used for irrigating a number of districts and for meeting the needs of the city of Bangalore. Who gives the power to make laws and take decision to the government? C) 1911. 4. Who was Hector? We would prefer to have a democratic government because it is a government by the people, for the people and of the people. What happens afterward? 6 | P a g e Lesson 2: Why do we need Government? Ans: Maya’s life would be different in South Africa today in the following manner: 2.What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government? (b) Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh To maintain peace. Therefore, both states can’t get as much water as they need for people in their states. Once people live together in a larger community that comprises of more than just the extended families, a government … (a) Two years A political party has three components: 1. This is referred as representative democracy. This is why class descriptors like "lower," "working," "upper," or "high" can have social as well as economic implications for how we understand the person described. [V. (a) Nelson Mandela Elections are usually held once in five years. Q19. Ans. (iii) Afrikaans                                               (c) Dr. B.R. This power is given through election in which people elect a particular person to represent them and take decisions behalf of them. Why we need a government. She can use hospitals and ambulances as others do. Government needs to control resources and protect the territory of a country so that people can feel secure. The government works at different levels: At the local level- the local level means in the village, town or locality. The apartheid system in South Africa was abolished in the year 1990. In such a case, social class refers to the socio-cultural aspects of one's life, namely the traits, behaviors, knowledge, and lifestyle that one is socialized into by one's family. A river may begin in one state, Flow-through another, and end in a third. Usually you study the formation of the US government, with its checks and balances and three separate branches. The state level means it cover a whole state like Rajasthan. 2. You will also learn how they believed governments should be created and what they ought to do. In South Africa, there live black people, ……………..  and Indians. Indians who came as labourers and traders. Later our leader like Gandhiji demanded for universal adult franchise. 4. Answer: The two main levels of government are: National Government; Local Government; Write a brief note on Central Government. It is a way to mobilize voters to support common sets of interests, concerns, and goals. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words to complete each sentence: State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F). NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Your No1 source for Latest Entrance Exams, Admission info ... Q1- The Government of India Act came out in _____. A non-democratic government may and can respond to the people’s needs, but it all depends on the wishes of the people who rule. Ans. History helps us better understand how, when, and why change occurs (or should be sought) on a larger scale. South Africa was earlier governed by apartheid laws. The followers Functions of Political Parties Politi… Conflicts and differences are resolved by the laws laid by our Constitution. It makes laws and enforces them to abolish all sorts of discrimination. And that agreement itself is a government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good. I hope you like this summary of NCERT class 6 chapter 3 of Political Science and help your friends by sharing it. Religious processions and celebrations can sometimes lead to …………………….. If they want to continue to be in power then they have to re-elected by the people. (a) Afrikaans Why? Article III of the U.S. Constitution established the judicial branch of government with the creation of the Supreme Court. The works at different levels, it works at three levels which are –. Q13. Through ………. A government is necessary because it is an organized system of leadership that is needed in any society. [Imp.] In India previously, only poor people and women were no allowed to vote. We can cite an example of the Cauvery water dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. 2. [V. At the state level- the state level would mean that which covers an entire state like Haryana or Assam. Types of Government. America’s form of government is based on a set of ideas. Ans: In our society, there is a general tendency to value and care for the boy children more than the girl children. Terms to Know Imp.] Disputes and conflicts block the way to progress. Ans. (1) A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government. The government is responsible for the performance of a wide range of duties towards the welfare of its citizens. Imp.] Democratic government – in the democratic government it is the people of country who give the power to the government. The South African police beat up the protestors ruthlessly and shot at the crowd. We studied: The Constitution and its history. Answer: ①Often times in the recent past it has been difficult for a … What did he want?. She can use roads, buses, and railway trains as others do without any discrimination. Government has to compensate people who are killed, wounded or whose properties are destroyed in violent incidents. 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